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The Low FODMAP Diet

FODMAP: Fermentable Oligo-Di-Monosaccharide and Polyols

FODMAPS are carbohydrates (sugars) that are found in foods. Not all carbohydrates are considered FODMAPs.

The FODMAPs in the diet are:

FODMAPs are osmotic (means they pull water into the intestinal tract). May not be digested or absorbed well and could be fermented upon by bacteria in the intestinal tract when eaten in excess.

Symptoms of diarrhea, constipation, gas, bloating and/or cramping may occur in those who could be sensitive to the effects of FODMAPs. A low FODMAP diet may help reduce symptoms, which will limit foods high in fructose, lactose, Fructans, Galactans, and Polyols.

The low FODMAP diet is often used in those with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The diet could be possibly used in those with similar symptoms arising from other digestive disorders such as inflammatory bowel disease.

This diet will also limit fiber as some high fiber foods are also high in FODMAPs (fiber is a component of complex carbohydrates that the body cannot digest, found in plants based foods such as beans, fruits, vegetables, whole grains, etc).

TIPS FOR A LOW FODMAP DIET:

Eggs, Poultry, Meat, & Fish

Low – Moderate Low FODMAPs

beef, chicken, deli slices, eggs, fish, lamb, pork, shellfish, turkey

High FODMAPs (avoid)

made with HFCS to limit (high fructose corn syrup)


Dairy

Low – Moderate Low FODMAPs

low lactose or lactose free dairy (any), Cream cheese, half & half, hard cheese (Cheddar, Colby, parmesan, Swiss, etc.) soft cheeses, (brie, feta, mozzarella, etc.), sherbet, yogurt (greek), whipped cream

High FODMAPs (avoid)

high lactose dairy, buttermilk, chocolate, creamy/cheesy sauces, custard, ice cream, sour cream, milk (cow’s, condensed, evaporated, goat’s sheep’s), soft cheese (cottage, ricotta, etc.)


Meat, No Dairy Alternatives

Low – Moderate Low FODMAPs

milk alternatives (almond, coconut, rice, soy (from soy protein), nuts (walnut, pecan macadamia, peanut, pine) nut butters, tempeh, tofu

High FODMAPs (avoid)

cashews, beans, black eyed peas, bulgur, lentils, miso, pistachios, soybeans, soy milk (from soy-beans)


Grains

Low – Moderate Low FODMAPs

Made w/gluten free/spelt grains (corn, oats, potato, quinoa, rice, tapioca, etc. crackers, noodles, pancakes, pastas, rice rice bran, quinoa, popcorn, oatmeal, oat bran, pretzels, tortillas, waffles

High FODMAPs (avoid)

made with wheat/barley/rye when it’s the major ingredient, gluten free/spelt grains made with foods to limit, chicory root, inulin


Fruits

Low – Moderate Low FODMAPs

bananas, blueberries, cantaloupe, cranberries, grapes, honeydew, kiwi, lemon, lime, mandarin, orange, passion fruit, pineapple, raspberries, rhubarb, strawberries, tangerine

High FODMAPs (avoid)

apples, applesauce, apricots, blackberries, boysenberries, canned fruit, dates, dried fruits, figs, guava, mango, nectarines, papaya, peaches, runes, plums, persimmon, pears, watermelon


Vegetables

Low – Moderate Low FODMAPs

alfalfa/bean sprouts, bamboo shoots, bell peppers, bok choy, carrots, cabbage, cucumbers, eggplant, green beans, kale, lettuce, parsnips, pumpkin, potatoes, radishes, rutabaga, seaweed (nori), spinach, squash, tomatoes, turnips, water, chestnuts, zucchini

High FODMAPs (avoid)

artichokes, cauliflower, mushrooms, sugar snap peas


Desserts

Low – Moderate Low FODMAPs

made with foods allowed

High FODMAPs (avoid)

made with HFCS/foods to limit


Beverages

Low – Moderate Low FODMAPs

fruit and vegetable juices/smoothies made with foods allowed ½ cup at a time, coffee, tea

High FODMAPs (avoid)

made with HFCS/foods to limit, fortified wines (sherry, port)


Seasonings/Condiments

Low – Moderate Low FODMAPs

butter, cooking oils, garlic/onion infused oil, maple syrup, sugar, soy sauce, vinegar, margarine, mayonnaise made without HFCS salt, pepper, most spices with herbs

High FODMAPs (avoid)

agave, molasses, ketchup, tomato, artificial sweeteners, (isomalt, mannitol sorbitol, xylitol), made with HFCS, hummus, honey, garlic, garlic salt

Low FODMAP Meals and Snack Ideas

Documents

The Low FODMAP Diet The Low FODMAP Diet (104 KB)

Recipes

Chicken Salad with Coconut Chicken Salad with Coconut (71 KB)

Shrimp Fried Rice Shrimp Fried Rice (45 KB)